zope.security.decorator

class zope.security.decorator.DecoratedSecurityCheckerDescriptor[source]

Descriptor for a Decorator that provides a decorated security checker.

To illustrate, we’ll create a class that will be proxied:

>>> class Foo(object):
...     a = 'a'

and a class to proxy it that uses a decorated security checker:

>>> from zope.security.decorator import DecoratedSecurityCheckerDescriptor
>>> from zope.proxy import ProxyBase
>>> class Wrapper(ProxyBase):
...     b = 'b'
...     __Security_checker__ = DecoratedSecurityCheckerDescriptor()

Next we’ll create and register a checker for Foo:

>>> from zope.security.checker import NamesChecker, defineChecker
>>> fooChecker = NamesChecker(['a'])
>>> defineChecker(Foo, fooChecker)

along with a checker for Wrapper:

>>> wrapperChecker = NamesChecker(['b'])
>>> defineChecker(Wrapper, wrapperChecker)
Using selectChecker(), we can confirm that a Foo object uses
fooChecker:
>>> from zope.security.checker import selectChecker
>>> from zope.security.interfaces import ForbiddenAttribute
>>> foo = Foo()
>>> selectChecker(foo) is fooChecker
True
>>> fooChecker.check(foo, 'a')
>>> try:
...     fooChecker.check(foo, 'b')  
... except ForbiddenAttribute as e:
...     e
ForbiddenAttribute('b', <Foo object ...>)

and that a Wrapper object uses wrappeChecker:

>>> wrapper = Wrapper(foo)
>>> selectChecker(wrapper) is wrapperChecker
True
>>> wrapperChecker.check(wrapper, 'b')
>>> try:
...     wrapperChecker.check(wrapper, 'a')  
... except ForbiddenAttribute as e:
...     e
ForbiddenAttribute('a', <Foo object ...>)

(Note that the object description says Foo because the object is a proxy and generally looks and acts like the object it’s proxying.)

When we access wrapper’s __Security_checker__ attribute, we invoke the decorated security checker descriptor. The decorator’s job is to make sure checkers from both objects are used when available. In this case, because both objects have checkers, we get a combined checker:

>>> from zope.security.checker import CombinedChecker
>>> checker = wrapper.__Security_checker__
>>> type(checker)
<class 'zope.security.checker.CombinedChecker'>
>>> checker.check(wrapper, 'a')
>>> checker.check(wrapper, 'b')

The decorator checker will work even with security proxied objects. To illustrate, we’ll proxify foo:

>>> from zope.security.proxy import ProxyFactory
>>> secure_foo = ProxyFactory(foo)
>>> secure_foo.a
'a'
>>> try:
...     secure_foo.b  
... except ForbiddenAttribute as e:
...     e
ForbiddenAttribute('b', <Foo object ...>)

when we wrap the secured foo:

>>> wrapper = Wrapper(secure_foo)

we still get a combined checker:

>>> checker = wrapper.__Security_checker__
>>> type(checker)
<class 'zope.security.checker.CombinedChecker'>
>>> checker.check(wrapper, 'a')
>>> checker.check(wrapper, 'b')

The decorator checker has three other scenarios:

  • the wrapper has a checker but the proxied object doesn’t
  • the proxied object has a checker but the wrapper doesn’t
  • neither the wrapper nor the proxied object have checkers

When the wrapper has a checker but the proxied object doesn’t:

>>> from zope.security.checker import NoProxy, _checkers
>>> del _checkers[Foo]
>>> defineChecker(Foo, NoProxy)
>>> selectChecker(foo) is None
True
>>> selectChecker(wrapper) is wrapperChecker
True

the decorator uses only the wrapper checker:

>>> wrapper = Wrapper(foo)
>>> wrapper.__Security_checker__ is wrapperChecker
True

When the proxied object has a checker but the wrapper doesn’t:

>>> del _checkers[Wrapper]
>>> defineChecker(Wrapper, NoProxy)
>>> selectChecker(wrapper) is None
True
>>> del _checkers[Foo]
>>> defineChecker(Foo, fooChecker)
>>> selectChecker(foo) is fooChecker
True

the decorator uses only the proxied object checker:

>>> wrapper.__Security_checker__ is fooChecker
True

Finally, if neither the wrapper not the proxied have checkers:

>>> del _checkers[Foo]
>>> defineChecker(Foo, NoProxy)
>>> selectChecker(foo) is None
True
>>> selectChecker(wrapper) is None
True

the decorator doesn’t have a checker:

  >>> wrapper.__Security_checker__
  Traceback (most recent call last):
    ...
  AttributeError: 'Foo' has no attribute '__Security_checker__'

__Security_checker__ cannot be None, otherwise Checker.proxy blows
up:

  >>> checker.proxy(wrapper) is wrapper
  True
class zope.security.decorator.SecurityCheckerDecoratorBase[source]

Base class for a proxy that provides additional security declarations.

class zope.security.decorator.DecoratorBase[source]

Base class for a proxy that provides both additional interfaces and security declarations.